Front-end vs. Back-end
Published On: November 4, 2022 Revised On: March 20, 2023

Front-end vs Back-end: What’s the difference?

Websites are made up of two parts: the front end, which users see, and the back end, which is the background code that supports the front end. Both front-end and back-end development are required so that websites run effectively, and their differences can sometimes be confusing to understand.

In summary, the colours, layout, and fonts that users interact with on websites are created by front-end developers, and back-end developers build the intangible framework that enables websites to operate correctly.

Building a website would require both front-end and back-end coding to work closely together. Lets us share more in this article about the differences and skills required between front-end and back-end development.

Front-end Development

The user-facing aspect of a website is the main emphasis of front-end development. Front-end developers use programming languages and design tools to ensure users can easily navigate the website. They create website layouts, styles, and functions such as drop-down menus.

Websites are designed by front-end developers using HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and other computer programming languages. Every language has a specific function. The website’s content and structure are laid out in HTML, CSS adds design elements, and JavaScript develops sophisticated interactive capabilities. Less frequently, front-end developers are proficient in Python, PHP, or Ruby.

Front-end programmers require proficiency with libraries and frameworks, including jQuery, Bootstrap, AngularJS, and EmberJS. In contrast to libraries, which condense code into smaller, more time-efficient packages, frameworks guarantee that information displays appropriately on all devices. Along with code editing products like Notepad or Eclipse, front-end developers may also use graphic design software like Photoshop or Sketch.

A front-end developer often requires web design, programming, computer science, or graphic design knowledge. To ensure that website user interfaces appear good and work effectively; front-end development requires technical know-how and creativity. User experience analysts, designers, and back-end developers must collaborate with front-end developers.

Front-end Developer Skills


A web page’s general content and structure are implemented using HTML, the industry standard.

2. CSS

Using CSS, front-end developers create a webpage’s colours, style, layout, and fonts. CSS developers may employ CSS preprocessors like SASS or LESS to hasten the development process.

3. JavaScript

For websites with interactive elements like movies, audio, animations, and games, front-end developers use JavaScript. JavaScript comes with libraries that have plugins and extensions to make webpages operate with optimal speed.

4. Communication Skills

Front-end developers benefit from having strong communication skills when working on online projects with clients and back-end developers. It would be necessary for developers to explain design challenges to stakeholders.

5. Creativity

Websites with inventive front-end developers have better visual appeal and usability. They contribute to a site’s aesthetic appeal and usability beyond simple functioning.

Back-end Development

Back-end developers focus more on the website’s server side. They employ their technical expertise to carry out the background tasks that produce a website’s framework and general operation, enabling the existence of the site’s front end. Backend developers design a website’s functionality, databases, and application programming interface (API).

An application, server, and database make up the back end. The components of back-end development that remain hidden beneath a website’s surface are frequently not visible to computer users. Back-end developers need comprehensive knowledge of server-side programming languages like Java, Python, and Ruby to create apps.

Back-end developers use tools like SQL Server and Oracle to store, manage, and modify data. Employers frequently need proficiency with version control software, PHP frameworks, and troubleshooting back-end systems and apps. To comprehend the objectives of each project, back-end developers work together with front-end developers, management, and business stakeholders.

Back-end developers are typically required to have computer science, programming, or web development knowledge for their employment. Some back-end developers can convert their experience into higher-paying positions as software engineers with extra training, schooling, or certifications. The abilities that back-end developers often have are described below.

Back-end Developer Skills

1. Python

Python programmers construct data structures and algorithms that are used to build websites. Additionally, they use Python frameworks and modules like Flask, Django, and NumPy.

2. Java

This programming language was developed for compatibility with different platforms and is used by back-end developers to build apps.

3. Ruby

Ruby is a back-end programming language that is open-source and free. It allows back-end developers to develop new applications swiftly. Ruby comes with everything a website needs to function; therefore, full-stack developers frequently utilise it as it performs well on high-traffic websites.

4. Problem-solving skills

Back-end development frequently calls for problem-solving abilities to solve technical issues arising during a website’s establishment. Debugging and testing of back-end systems and apps may be among these jobs.

5. Communication skills

For back-end engineers to successfully finish projects, good communication skills are necessary. Web designers may sometime be required to communicate complex technical challenges to non-technical stakeholders.

What’s the difference between Front-end and Back-end?

Front-end and back-end development are essential for website development in Singapore. The website’s visual elements—the component visitors, can see and interact with—focus on front-end development. The structure, infrastructure, data, and logic of a website are all included in the back-end development. Front-end and back-end web development work together to produce engaging, aesthetically beautiful websites.

Strong coding skills are required for both kinds of developers. The visual side of a website is brought to life by front-end developers using computer languages. Technical, artistic, and communication skills are needed for its development. For proper website operation, back-end developers use server-side programming languages.

The table below contrasts front-end and back-end developers:

Front-end Developers
Back-end Developers
What do they do?
With front-end programming languages, front-end developers concentrate on designing the outside appearance of websites. Front-end development produces a website’s visual elements, such as fonts, colours, layout, and images.


Back-end developers use server-side programming languages to design the framework or logic of a website. They create computer code that instructs a website on how to activate front-end programming languages.
Programming Languages
JavaScript, HTML, CSS Python, Java, Ruby, PHP
Frameworks & Libraries
jQuery, AngularJS, SASS, Bootstrap, EmberJS Django, Laravel, Spring, Zend, Symfony, CakePHP
Who do they work with?
Back-end developers, clients, management, business stakeholders Front-end developers, management, business stakeholders